Chippendale, Thomas

Chippendale, Thomas
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baptized 5 June 1718 Otley, Yorkshire, England
d. 13 November 1779 London, England
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English cabinet-maker who published the first comprehensive book of furniture.
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Thomas Chippendale was the son of a carpenter. The business that he set up in London was so well established by 1753 that he was able to move to larger premises—a workshop, timberyard and shop—in the furniture-making centre of London, at 60–62 St Martin's Lane. In 1754 he published his folio work The Gentleman and Cabinet-Maker's Director, which contained illustrations of every conceivable type of furniture. No previously published book was as comprehensive. The Director, as it came to be called, made Chippendale famous and he became the best known of all such English craftsmen and designers. Further editions of the book followed in 1755 and 1762.
Stylistically most of the furniture designs in the Director followed the contemporary rococo fashion, but a number followed other popular themes such as the so-called "literary Gothic" and chinoiserie. Indeed, the Chinese versions became so well known that such furniture became known as "Chinese Chippendale". Chippendale's later work was more neo-classical, much of it produced at the request of Robert Adam for the many great houses whose interiors he was re-designing in the 1760s and 1770s.
From a technical viewpoint, Chippendale's furniture was made from a variety of woods and incorporated diverse decoration. Mahogany was the fashionable wood of the age, particularly during the middle years of the eighteenth century, and lent itself especially to the fine and elaborate carving that characterized Chippendale's intricate chair and settee backs. By the later 1760s other woods were also often in use, sometimes gilded and turned, sometimes inlaid with materials such as ivory or ceramic plaques and fine ormolu mounts. Later still, painted designs were applied to panel surfaces. Alternatively, a delicate form of marquetry had been fashionably revived.
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Further Reading
C.Gilbert, 1972, The Life and Work of Thomas Chippendale : Studio Vista.
1986, Dictionary of English Furniture-Makers, The Furniture History Society and W.F. Maney.
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Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

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  • Chippendale,Thomas — Chippendale, Thomas. 1718 1779. British cabinetmaker noted for his graceful neoclassical furniture, particularly chairs, which had wide influence on his contemporary artisans. * * * …   Universalium

  • Chippendale, Thomas — (baptized June 5, 1718, Otley, Eng. died November 1779, London) English cabinetmaker. Little is known of his life before 1753, when he opened a showroom and workshop in London. In 1754 he published The Gentleman and Cabinet Maker s Director, a… …   Universalium

  • Chippendale, Thomas, II — ▪ British cabinetmaker born c. 1749 died 1822       son of the cabinetmaker Thomas Chippendale, who succeeded his father as head of the family workshop.       Until the retirement of Thomas Haig in 1796, the firm traded under the title… …   Universalium

  • Chippendale, Thomas — ► (1718 79) Ebanista británico. Sus trabajos han dado nombre a un estilo de muebles mundialmente difundido. Autor de Guía del caballero y del ebanista (1754), que señaló las características del estilo chippendale. * * * (bautizado el 5 jun. 1718 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • CHIPPENDALE, THOMAS —    a cabinet maker, born in Worcestershire; famous in the last century for the quality and style of his workmanship; his work still much in request …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Chippendale, Thomas —  (c. 1718–1779) English furniture designer and manufacturer …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Thomas Chippendale — Una silla estilo Chippendale con un elaborado respaldo en «lazada». Nacimiento ca 5 de junio de 1718 Otley, West Yorkshire …   Wikipedia Español

  • chippendale — [ ʃipɛndal ] adj. inv. • 1922; de T. Chippendale, ébéniste angl. ♦ Didact. Qui appartient à un style de mobilier anglais du XVIIIe s. Des commodes chippendale. N. m. inv. Se meubler en chippendale. Chippendale (Thomas) (v. 1718 1779) ébéniste… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • CHIPPENDALE (T.) — CHIPPENDALE THOMAS (1718 env. 1779) On a peu de données précises sur la vie de Chippendale. On sait seulement qu’il naquit dans le Yorkshire et que son père, menuisier ébéniste, s’installa à Londres dès 1727. Il est ainsi baigné très jeune dans… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Thomas — Thomas, Albert Thomas, André Antoine Thomas, Ch. L. Ambroise Thomas, Dylan Thomas, Sidney Gilchrist Thomas, Theodore * * * (as used in expressions) Adès, Thomas …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Thomas Chippendale — A provincial Chippendale style chair with elaborate Gothick tracery splat back Thomas Chippendale (probably born at Farnley near Otley, baptised at Otley 16 June [O.S. 5 June] 1718 November 1779) [1] was a London cabinet maker and furniture… …   Wikipedia

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